Computer numeric control, abbreviated as CNC is a process of manufacturing that makes use of programmed software that controls the working of tools and machinery used in factories. Various complex and heavy machinery including torpedoes, mills, lathes,and routers can come under control by the use of this process. In a single attempt, CNC machining can complete three-dimensional fragmenting jobs. This form of machining proves beneficial over the manually controlled machines. A manual system requires a live operator to command the machine tools using various switches, wheels,and levers, while CNC machining makes use of software programs that automatically control the machinery system without any outside monitoring.
Computer Numeric Control machines
The cnc machining services are useful for manufacturers for the construction of parts of machines, by-products,and other items. They accomplish this process with the help of CNC machines. These machines make use of computer numeric control on primary machine tools like grinders, shapers, mills, lathes,and routers. These types of machine use software, which runs on a specific CNC machine coding language named G-code. This programming language is different from the basic PC programming languages as they allow control over many features including speed, engineering, feed rate and location of the machine.
In order to control these machines, a single skilled programmer is more than enough. A single programmer can command all the work performed by machines that is equivalent to the work performed by a group of operators working on various machine tools simultaneously. The multiple axes controlled by various CNC machines can set to different angles to cut hard materials proving advantageous over the common manual conventions.
Types of CNC machines
The advancement in the field of technology and rise of digital computers from analog computer gave birth to cnc machining services. A majority of CNC workplaces across the world are electronic. The commonly used CNC machines include
- CNC mills- These machines possess the capability to guide machine tools to several distances. The programs on which these mills work comprises number and letter sequences that are responsible for guiding the tools.
- Lathes- These types of machines make use of tool that fragment in a circular They come in use to manufacture a complex design that is not possible or difficult to manufacture manually.
- Plasma Cutters- This process accomplishes cutting surfaces of metals and other materials using plasma torch. The composition of shrink gas and electric arcs generates a plasma that provides speed and heat essential for cutting the metal
- EDMs- These machines come handy in processes where work tool are mold into specific shapes by using electric sparks. Wire and Sinker Electric Discharge Machines are two subtypes of this machine that makes use of spark erosion and electrode respectively to complete their tasks.
The cnc machining have high production and scalability rates as compared to common manual conventions. This system requires less labor force and are much safer to perform while being affordable at the same time