A heart attack (also known as myocardial infarction or myocardial infarction) is the injury and death of the heart muscle by the sudden blockage of a coronary artery by a blood clot. Coronary arteries are blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart muscle. The blockage of a coronary artery deprives the heart muscle of blood and oxygen, which damages the heart muscle. Injuries to the heart muscle cause chest pain and a feeling of pressure in the chest. If blood flow does not recover within 20 to 40 minutes in the heart muscle, the irreversible death of the heart muscle begins. The muscle continues to die for seven to nine hours, the heart is attacked usually “complete”. The inert heart muscle is eventually changed by scar tissue.
Symptoms of a Heart Attack
A feeling of pressure, tightness, pain, tightness or pain in the chest or arms extending to the neck, jaw or back can be a sign of a heart attack.
Here are other possible signs and symptoms of a heart attack:
- Overwhelming chest pain
- Shortness of breath called dyspnea
- The face looks gray
- A feeling of fear that life is over
- Feel bad, usually
- Sticky and clammy feeling
- Difficulty breathing
Changing your position does not relieve the pain of a heart attack. The pain felt by a person is usually constant, although it can sometimes appear and disappear.
If a person has these symptoms, emergency services should be called immediately.
The Foods after Heart Attack
Eating healthy foods will help you recover and best healthy foods plan reduce the risk of heart problems.
Healthy eating is easier than you think. Normally you will find all the food you need in your local supermarket. You just need to know what foods you need to buy to make healthier meals. A diet low in salt and saturated fat is important if you have a heart attack.
Learn how to prepare healthier meals and tips for eating less salt and fat in foods and drinking alcohol.
Healthy eating goals:
- Eat vegetables, whole grains, fruits, nuts and seeds every day.
- Choose healthier fats and oils.
- Aim for two to three servings of fish and shellfish a week.
- Limit fried or cooked foods, especially French fries, cookies, cakes and other baked goods.
- Avoid adding salt to the food. Choose foods “no added salt”, “low salt” or “reduced salt” if possible.
- Drink mainly water. Avoid sugary drinks.
Treatment of heart attack
A heart attack is a medical emergency. It must be tackled quickly by conventional medicine. At this stage, alternative medicine cannot compete with standard pharmacological therapies and surgical treatments. However, alternative medicine can, on other occasions, make a valuable contribution to the prevention and repair of heart attacks.
Common Response to a Heart Attack
Victims of a heart attack are treated in an emergency to restore blood flow to the heart and stabilize. They are usually hospitalized for at least 36 hours in special coronary care units (CCUs). Standard pharmacological therapy includes:
- An analgesic such as morphine
- Vasodilators such as nitroglycerin for dilation of blood vessels
- Beta-adrenergic blocker to calm the heart
- Aspirin to reduce the activity of coagulation
- Other types of anticoagulants to prevent clot formation and to destroy existing clots.
In some cases, drugs are also administered to dissolve clots such as TPA or tenecteplase (TNKase). These medications are most effective if they are given a few hours after the onset of a heart attack. And this is the first option if emergency angioplasty is not available. It is sometimes used in case of delayed angioplasty. Emergency angioplasty and possibly surgery can be performed to remove a clot, reopen a blocked artery, or prevent blocked arteries.
The hospital uses electrocardiograms to monitor the heart and observes abnormal heart rhythms. If the heart beats too fast or too slowly, several medications can be administered. Some patients may be equipped with a pacemaker. If a patient experiences a dangerous arrhythmia known as ventricular fibrillation, an electric shock can be used to restore the normal rhythm. Patients with signs of congestive heart failure receive a variety of medications to lower the tension in the heart and make the heart beat faster.
People who are recovering from a heart attack are encouraged to get up as soon as possible. This reduces the likelihood of blood clots forming in the deep veins of the legs. These clots could migrate through the circulatory system and attach to the lungs, creating a blockage. It is recommended to exercise smoothly, but nothing that requires much effort. The first exercises soon after a heart attack can help improve heart function and overall well-being. Cardiac rehabilitation programs with supervised exercises and lifestyle modification are fundamental elements of recovery.
Prevention of Heart Attack
The best way to prevent a heart attack is a healthy lifestyle. The measures for a healthy life are as follows:
- Do not smoke
- A balanced and healthy diet
- Do a lot of exercises
- Get enough good quality
- Keep diabetes under control
- Keep your alcohol consumption low
- Maintain optimal blood cholesterol levels
- Keep your blood pressure at a safe level
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Avoid stress as much as possible
- Learn to cope with stress
It can also be useful if people learn more about the warning signs of a heart attack.
Hey, this is Angela G. Neumann. Since 2013, I have provided various groups, organizations, and individuals with a wide range of health issues and wellness goals and nutrition programs to integrate health. Now I am working on Target Protein as a chief editor and writer. I am going to be a part of the admin of Nutrition Field very soon. My approach combines conventional health care, nutrition and a captivating connection of mind-body medicine.