The look of a tank is one that most of us are aware of. Although many different types of tank have been designed they all have similar basic setups. Most of us won’t ever be in the position to be able to see a tank close up, but if you are intrigued you can book onto a tank driving experience from a company like https://www.armourgeddon.co.uk/tank-driving-experience.html where you experience the thrill of driving and being a passenger in one of these beasts.
The first tank was designed by Leonardo Di Vinci. Although it was never made it offered the same ideals that a modern tank has such as the defence of the troops inside and the ability to get into the battle ready to use weapons against personnel. The main parts of any tank are:
- Caterpillar tracks – these are made up of metal links that move around as steel sprockets rotate from the engine and essentially work like a conveyer belt. Wheels are located on the inside of the tracks and move around them in a similar way to the wheels on a car moving along the road. Tracks make it easier for the tank to move across rough terrain as it gives the vehicle extra surface area making contact with the ground.
- Hull- this is the bottom part of the tank, similar to the hull of a ship. It contains the tracks and armoured body which holds the engine and transmission. This is essentially where the main workings of tank are housed.
- Turret – this is the top part of the tank where the tanks weapons are placed. This is usually placed on a rotating circular base that then gives the tank 360-degree view of its surroundings. It is a weak spot of the tank as if the turret gets stuck it only going to be firing one way.
- Weapons – This is situated in the turret area of the tank and includes large cannons and machine guns. The size of the gun is changeable dependant on the type of tank. The smaller types will have a smaller calibre gun that will fire a lower yield shell. The heavier tanks are in some respects just a large cannon being shifted around. The other weapon that many have is the inclusion of grenade launchers and a mortaron the side of the turrets.
- Armour – steel plates are used to cover thick protective materials. This is known as (RHA) Rolled Homogeneous Armour. The core of the tank is covered with metal plates, ceramic blocks and open space areas. The ceramic blocks are located in areas that may need to withstand heat and heavy physical hits.
There is generally only one rule when you come across a tank and it’s not on your side, be somewhere else!